### How to Calculate Depreciation Expense

Definition: Depreciation Expense (or annual depreciation) is the loss in value of a fixed asset in a year. There are several methods of calculating depreciation, including straight line method, declining balance method, sum-of-the-years'-digits method, etc.

Example 1:
An equipment which costs \$40,000 is expected to have a useful life of 5 years and a scrap value of \$5,000. Calculate the annual depreciation charge using straight line method.

Formula: Annual depreciation = (Cost - Scrap value)/Useful life
= (40000-5000)/5 = \$7,000

Example 2:
Calculate the annual depreciation of vehicle using declining balance method:
Cost of vehicle = \$40,000
Estimated useful life = 4 years
Expected disposal value at the end of useful life = \$2,500
Depreciation rate = 50%

Depreciation (year 1) = \$20,000
Depreciation (year 2) = (40000-20000)x50% = \$10,000
Depreciation (year 3) = (40000-30000)x50% = \$5,000
Depreciation (year 4) = (40000-35000)x50% = \$2,500

Reducing Balance Method of Depreciation

Straight-Line Method of Depreciation